What is HTML What is HTML

Every web developer begins his / her journey by learning HTML. No matter what type of web applications (static or dynamic) you wish to develop and using which server side language, HTML is the first thing you have to learn. HTML is a language used for developing websites and it wont be wrong to call it as the language of the internet. It is a client side language, which means that it is understood by the browser. PHP, Asp.net and other such languages on the other hand are not called client side languages because the browser cannot understand them. We need a server to process the code written in these languages and therefore they are called server side languages. The user interface for all websites you can visit using internet is created using the HTML language.

The full form of HTML is

H - Hyper

T - Text

M - Mark-up

L - Language

By Hyper Text we mean connected text. For example, when you go to google and search for some information, google shows you all the websites which contain the information that you searched for. To help you easily open these websites google provides you with links to these websites in its search results. If you want to visit these websites you can do so by clicking on these links. Links are used to connect the information present on one website with the information present on some other website. These links are called Hyperlinks and this is the reason why the text which you connect using these hyperlinks is called hyper text. Its only because of the hyperlinks that the information present on billions of websites which are a part of the world wide web is connected with each other. Without these hyperlinks the interlinking of the information present on different websites is not possible.

Mark-up Language - HTML is called a mark-up language because of the way it is written. It is not like other programming languages using which you do coding and write programs. It is written using Tags (we will learn about Tags in coming tutorials) and that is why it’s called a mark-up language. Any language that is written using Tags falls in the category of a mark-up language. Another example of a mark-up language is XML. It is called Extensible Mark-up Language and is also written using Tags.

A small exercise

All websites you visit every day are written using HTML. To verify this let’s do a small exercise. Open any web page in your browser and right click on it. Then click on "View Page Source" or "View Source". What do you see? You see the HTML code for the web page that you are looking at. This is true for any web page that you see on the internet. Which ever website you open in your browser, you can easily look at its HTML by using the 'View Source' or 'View Page Source' option in your browser.

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